However, a recent survey suggests that financial literacy is lower than even most people might expect. Fidelity asked more than 2000 people — half who were between the ages of 55 and 65 and not retired — questions in eight different retirement categories.
The average that people got right was a mere 30 percent. Absolutely nobody got all the questions correct and the highest overall grade was 79 percent.
Can you do better?
How Will You Do on the Sample Retirement Financial Literacy Quiz?
Here are nine sample questions from the Fidelity quiz. How many can you get right? (Answers below… Don’t cheat!)
TIP: Here is a tip for finding the right answers — don’t think of your own situation, think about what would be true for an average do everything right worker. Each answer requires a wide range of assumptions that may or may not be true for your particular situation.
Question 1 — Percent of Annual Income to Save: In order to maintain living standards in retirement, what percent of annual income do financial professionals think people should save?
- About 3%
- About 6%
- About 9%
- About 12%
- About 15%
Question 2 — Savings Compared to Pre Retirement Income: Roughly how much do many financial experts recommend people save by the time they retire?
- About 2-3 times the amount of your last full year income
- About 4-5 times the amount of your last full year income
- About 6-7 times the amount of your last full year income
- About 8-9 times the amount of your last full year income
- About 10-12 times the amount of your last full year income
Question 3 — Average Stock Market Returns: Stock markets go up and down. How often over the past 35 years do you think the market has had a positive annual return?
- The annual return was positive fewer than 12 out of 35 years
- The annual return was positive about 12 out of 35 years
- The annual return was positive about 18 out of 35 years
- The annual return was positive about 26 out of 35 years
- The annual return was positive more than 26 out of 35 years
Question 4 — Savings Growth: If you were able to set aside $50 each month for retirement, how much would that end up becoming 25 years from now, including interest if it grew at the historical stock market average?
- About $15,000
- About $30,000
- About $40,000
- About $60,000
- More than $60,000
Question 5 — How Long Should Savings Last: Given the current average life expectancy, if you were to retire at age 65, about how long would you need your retirement savings to last?
- 12 years (or until you are 77)
- 17 years (or until you are 82)
- 22 years (or until you are 87)
- 27 years (or until you are 92)
- 35 years (or until you are 100)
Question 6 — Average Social Security Benefit: Approximately how much was the average monthly Social Security benefit paid in 2016 to a retired worker?
- About $500
- About $900
- About $1,300
- About $1,700
- About $2,100
Question 7 — Percent to Withdraw in Retirement: About what percentage of your savings do many financial experts recommend you withdraw annually in retirement?
Question 8 — Biggest Retirement Expense: Which of the following do you think is the single biggest expense for most people in retirement?
- Health care
- Discretionary expenses
Question 9 — Out of Pocket Healthcare Expense: About how much will a couple retiring at age 65 spend on out-of-pocket costs for health care over the course of retirement?
Retirement Financial Literacy Answers
Here are the answers to the quiz. Don’t worry too much if you don’t get them all correct. As we mentioned before, the “right” answers may not always be the correct thing for you. The best way to assess your own situation is to use a highly detailed retirement planning calculator or consult with a retirement advisor.
With that in mind, here are the retirement financial literacy answers:
Answer 1 — Percent of Annual Income to Save:
As a rule of thumb, financial planners usually recommend saving about 15% of your annual income.
Right Answer for You: The right answer for you depends largely on how old you are and how your retirement expenses might differ from expenses while you work, how long you work and much more.
It might be perfectly okay if you are young and saving less now, so long as you make up the difference later. Conversely, if you are older and are trying to catch up on retirement savings, then you probably need to be saving more.
Answer 2 — Savings Compared to Pre Retirement Income:
The experts say that you should have saved 10-12 times the amount of your last full year of work income. So, if you were earning $100,000 the year before you retired, you should have $1 – $1.2 million in savings.
Right Answer for You: If you have not saved quite that much, don’t worry. You can make up the difference by working a little longer, delaying the start of Social Security, tapping home equity and more.
Use the NewRetirement Retirement Planner to identify strategies that can help you have a secure retirement even if you have not saved quite enough.
Answer 3 — Average Stock Market Returns:
The stock market has yielded a positive annual return 30 out of the past 35 year years — so the answer, was more than 26 out of 35 years.
Right Answer for You: This answer makes it seem like the stock market is an almost sure bet and perhaps a great spot for your retirement savings. The reality can be a little more complicated. Stocks are a great place to put your money when you have a long time to weather the ups and downs of any bull or bear market. However, in retirement, you sometimes need your money in assets that are guaranteed to be there when you need them — though you also want to enjoy positive returns on your investments.
Learn more about asset allocation here.
Answer 4 — Savings Growth:
If 25 years ago you started saving $50 each month, you would now have $40,000. This assumes a 7% annual rate of return.
Right Answer for You: What kind of annual return have your savings returned? Are returns important after you retire? Or, should you focus on turning assets into income? These are the types of questions you should ask yourself as you use a retirement planning calculator. Try different scenarios for your accounts and see what happens to your savings growth.
Answer 5 — How Long Should Savings Last:
The average life expectancy is 85 for men and 87 for women, meaning your savings should last about 22 years.
Right Answer for You: Average life expectancy should not really matter very much to your own plan. The key is in estimating how long YOU and your spouse will live — which is likely much longer than the average.
You might want to use a life expectancy calculator to help estimate how long you will live. And, use a retirement planning tool that enables you to enter your own number for how long you want your money to last.
Answer 6 — Average Social Security Benefit:
The average Social Security benefit in 2016 was about $1300.
Right Answer for You: You don’t need to know the average benefit, you need to know YOUR benefit. Better yet, you need to know the difference between your benefit if you start Social Security at age 62 vs starting at your full retirement age (usually around 67). Your monthly check is much larger for every month you delay starting benefits. You can even figure out your break even Social Security age — the optimum time to take Social Security given your estimated life span.
Answer 7 — Percent to Withdraw in Retirement:
Fidelity and other experts suggest that you withdraw 4% each year from your savings.
Right Answer for You: The 4% rule has been widely questioned. It can be a great rule of thumb, but there are a lot of other factors at play. Read why the 4% rule is less than perfect.
Right Answer for You: The good news here is that while housing is the biggest retirement expense, it is also most people’s most valuable asset — often worth more that the combined total of a person’s savings.
This is great news for retirees. Downsizing can release that equity to bolster your nest egg AND reduce your expenses. Reverse mortgages are another way to tap your home equity if you want to stay in your existing home.
Incorporating housing — as an asset and as a reducible expense — into your retirement plan can be extremely powerful. The NewRetirement retirement planner let’s you immediately see the impact of these kinds of changes. How much longer will your money last if you tap your housing wealth?
Answer 9 — Out of Pocket Healthcare Expense:
According to Fidelity, who has been tracking this cost since 2002, an average 65-year old couple retiring in 2016 will spend $260,000 to pay for out-of-pocket health care expenses in retirement.
Right Answer for You: This number is probably accurate, but it does not include the potential costs of long term care — which could add more than another $100,000 to your expenses. When planning your retirement, it is very important to include your out of pocket healthcare costs. The NewRetirement retirement planning calculator helps you by clearly including this expense in your analysis.
More Retirement Answers Available Here
You can learn more about Fidelity’s Retirement IQ survey here. Or, get more personalized answers by using a detailed retirement planning calculator.
Planning does not need to be scary or complicated. The NewRetirement retirement planning calculator makes it easy. Take two minutes to enter some initial information, then see where you stand today. Next, start adding more details and changing some of your information. Discover meaningful ways you can improve your retirement finances.