Average Inheritance: How Much Are Retirees Leaving to Heirs?
Average Inheritance in the United States
Different studies suggest different levels of average inheritance.
- According to a 2015 HSBC survey, American retirees expect to leave an average inheritance of almost $177,000 to their heirs.
- The Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), reported that median inheritance was $69,000 (the average was $707,291). For trust funds, that median wealth transfer was way, way higher — $285,000 (and the average was $4,062,918).
- In a new study by United Income, CEO Matt Fellowes looked at how retirees feel and how their spending levels change during retirement and found that:
- The average retired adult who dies in their 60s leaves behind $296K in net wealth
- $313K in their 70s
- $315K in their 80s
- $283K in their 90s
- In the NewRetirement retirement planner, you can set a goal for leaving behind an inheritance. For users who have opted to set a goal above $0 in this detailed tool, the range is wide. The average estate goal is $942,000. The median goal is $500,000. However, many people have just $5,000 as their goal for a financial legacy.
NOTE: It is important to note that while the NewRetirement retirement planner is designed to be easy to use by all types of people, users of the tool tend to be wealthier than average – skewing the average inheritance numbers high.
Don’t Feel at All Bad if You Are Leaving Behind Less Than Average
While it appears that the “average” inheritance is between $100,000 and more than $1 million, these numbers can be incredibly misleading.
Because the very rich have so much more money than the middle and lower classes, the average inheritance numbers are incredibly lopsided.
When you break down average inheritance by the economic status of the household, the numbers look very different. According to analysis by Demos:
- The least wealthy group of families have received, on average, $6,100 in inheritance.
- The wealthiest 1 percent of families have received, on average, $2.7 million in inheritance.
A further breakdown of these numbers reveals that: “the wealthiest 1 percent of families have inherited $447 for every $1 the least wealthy group of families has. Those in the middling wealth ranges—$25k–$50k, $50k–$100k, and $100k–$250k—have received inheritances of $14.8k, $22.5k, and $51.4k respectively.”
So, the wealthiest in the United States are able to leave behind very large inheritances and this skews the average numbers to be nowhere near average for the majority of retirees.
Leaving an Inheritance vs. Sharing While You Are Still Alive
Besides the vast differences between the very wealthy and the rest of us, there are other reasons why you might not be leaving behind a large inheritance.
Many households share their wealth with younger generations while they are still alive. Parents and grandparents pay for their offspring’s education, joint vacations, and even living expenses. Many households also help family members buy houses or cars and pay off debt.
Between 2005 and 2014, the fraction of young adults age 18 to 31 who lived with their parents rose 15%, according to a study by Federal Reserve Board economists. Not only is this rate of change unprecedented, but the percentage of young adults residing with parents has reached a historic high of 36%.
Furthermore, you may also be using your potential estate to fund care for your own parents.
6 Tips for Inheritance and Your Retirement
1. Money is Not Everything
If you cannot afford to leave behind financial wealth (and even if you can), remember that inheritances can come in many different guises – your culture, values, sense of humor, and more.
Sharing your time and interests with your heirs is a meaningful inheritance.
2. Be Realistic and Understand Your Own Finances
In all aspects of life, there is what we want to do and there is what we can do. Leaving behind an inheritance or helping other family members while you are still alive is no exception – make sure you understand what is feasible.
It is very important that you are realistic about what you can afford. Creating and maintaining a detailed retirement plan can help you assess what is possible.
After you set up your account, the NewRetirement retirement planner lets you see exactly what your estate is projected to be. Even better, the system enables you to change any aspect of your plan and immediately see how it impacts your potential estate – as well as your cash flow, out of money age, and much more.
3. Set Goals
The NewRetirement retirement planner lets you set a goal for leaving an estate. You also have goals for funding retirement through your longevity using both optimistic and pessimistic assumptions.
You can update your progress against your goals at any time. Of the people who have set an estate goal with NewRetirement, 89% are currently on track to achieve their goal for leaving a financial legacy.
4. There is a Lot More to End of Life Planning than Leaving an Estate
You may have scrimped and saved so that you can leave something behind for your heirs. However, there is a lot more you need to do to ensure that your end of life and after life wishes are fulfilled.
There are at least four documents that everyone must have. Learn more in Estate Planning 101.
5. Use Caution if You Plan to Receive an Inheritance
Many retirees are hoping to receive an inheritance to help fund their life in retirement. However, as people live longer and health expenses go higher, more and more people are running through their financial resources – even their home equity.
So, if you are planning on an inheritance to fund your own retirement, you may want to assess whether your expectations are realistic or not.
In the NewRetirement retirement planner you can model what your finances look like with or without an anticipated inheritance. It is easy to see the impact of different lump-sum contributions at different periods of time.
6. Manage Expectations with Heirs
Different families and different cultures have varying expectations for inheritance.
However, most studies suggest that heirs would rather that their parents live a comfortable life in retirement over potentially receiving money upon their death.
No matter what might happen in your situation, it is a good idea to discuss various scenarios with your loved ones.